Connect to a password protected URL from Java program

By: Mike Cooper Emailed: 1767 times Printed: 2515 times    

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It is quite common for a Java program to connect to an URL and process its data or post data to it. Some URLs are password protected and can be connected to it only with a username and password. While manually accessing such sites, the browser will popup a login screen automatically for the user to key in username and password. But if you are connecting from a Java program then how can you do this login programmatically.

This sample Java program connects to password protected URL. The three arguments for this application is the password protected url to connect to, the username and the password. Take note that the System properties to set the proxy has to be changed to suit your own network proxy settings. If your network doesn't need a proxy then just set the proxy to false.

import java.util.*;
public class postto{

private void fetchURL (String urlString,String user,String pass) {

try {
URL url;
URLConnection urlConn;
DataOutputStream printout;
DataInputStream input;

Properties sysProperties = System.getProperties();

sysProperties.put("proxyHost", "");
sysProperties.put("proxyPort", "8080");
sysProperties.put("proxySet", "true");
url = new URL (urlString);
urlConn = url.openConnection();
urlConn.setDoInput (true);

urlConn.setDoOutput (true);

urlConn.setUseCaches (false);

urlConn.setRequestProperty ("Content-Type", "application/x-www-form-urlencoded");

printout = new DataOutputStream (urlConn.getOutputStream ());

String content = "USERNAME=" + URLEncoder.encode (user) + "&PASSWORD=" + URLEncoder.encode (pass);

printout.writeBytes (content);
printout.flush ();
printout.close ();

input = new DataInputStream (urlConn.getInputStream ());
FileOutputStream fos=new FileOutputStream("postto.txt");
String str;
while (null != ((str = input.readLine())))

if (str.length() >0)
fos.write(new String("\n").getBytes());
input.close ();
catch(MalformedURLException mue){ System.out.println (mue);}
catch(IOException ioe){ System.out.println (ioe);}
public static void main (String args[]) {
postto au=new postto();

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1. View Comment

Thanks for the help, however I am having some difficulty implementing it.
I keep getting the following: Server returned HTTP response code: 403 for URL: ...

I have tried this on two different urls and I always get the same.

I tried setting it like so:
sysProperties.put("proxySet", "false");

but still I get the error - can you offer any advice?

Also Java tells me that
URLEncoder.encode and

are deprecated - is there an easy alternative?

Thank you very much in advance.

View Tutorial          By: Andrew at 2008-09-30 14:51:14
2. View Comment

i want to know how to connect one page to another page program using java program i needed will you provide one example program with connectivity you can send to my mail id

View Tutorial          By: mahesh at 2009-08-26 01:31:40
3. View Comment

Hi Andrew,

I have a java application which users are authentication using their credentials. I have link this application, which will redirect to .Net application. I want pass the userid and password to this appliaction for validatation from java application. Is there any way using above code to achive this functionality


View Tutorial          By: kumar at 2010-10-06 10:42:55
4. View Comment

Thanks a lot for sharing this solution.

View Tutorial          By: Bharath at 2012-12-18 18:32:33
5. View Comment

Hey thanks for your tutorial.

But if i had a Site with a security answer, how to implement this? How to send the answer of the security question to the validation address of the specific site?

View Tutorial          By: Matze at 2013-07-19 16:08:46
6. View Comment

Hey thanks for your tutorial. But i'm getting an error when i run it.

Exception in thread "main" java.lang.ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException: 0 at postto.main(

(in 57.line there is this line : au.fetchURL(args[0],args[1],args[2]);

i'm looking for a solution for this but i couldn't solve this, can you help me at this?

View Tutorial          By: acc at 2013-07-25 14:30:50

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