By: Dorris in Linux Tutorials on 2011-01-15
while [ condition ] do command1 command2 command3 .. .... done
Loop is executed as long as given condition is true. For e.g..the for loop program can be written using while loop as:
$cat > nt1
#Script to test while statement
if [ $# -eq 0 ]
echo "Error - Number missing form command line argument"
echo "Syntax : $0 number"
echo " Use to print multiplication table for given number"
while [ $i -le 10 ]
echo "$n * $i = `expr $i \* $n`"
i=`expr $i + 1`
Save it and try as
$ chmod 755 nt1
Above loop can be explained as follows:
|n=$1||Set the value of command line argument to variable n. (Here it's set to 7 )|
|i=1||Set variable i to 1|
|while [ $i -le 10 ]||This is our loop condition, here if value of i is less than 10 then, shell execute all statements between do and done|
|echo "$n * $i = `expr $i \* $n`"||Print multiplication table as
7 * 1 = 7
7 * 2 = 14
7 * 10 = 70, Here each time value of variable n is multiply be i.
|i=`expr $i + 1`||Increment i by 1 and store result to i. ( i.e. i=i+1)
Caution: If you ignore (remove) this statement than our loop become infinite loop because value of variable i always remain less than 10 and program will only output
7 * 1 = 7
E (infinite times)
Loop stops here if i is not less than 10 i.e. condition of loop is not true. Hence
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