Reading .CSV file in PHP

By: David Sklar Emailed: 1700 times Printed: 2202 times    

Latest comments
By: rohit kumar - how this program is work
By: Kirti - Hi..thx for the hadoop in
By: Spijker - I have altered the code a
By: ali mohammed - why we use the java in ne
By: ali mohammed - why we use the java in ne
By: mizhelle - when I exported the data
By: raul - no output as well, i'm ge
By: Rajesh - thanx very much...
By: Suindu De - Suppose we are executing

You have data in comma-separated values (CSV) format, for example a file exported from Excel or a database, and you want to extract the records and fields into a format you can manipulate in PHP.

If the CSV data is in a file (or available via a URL), open the file with fopen( )and read in the data with fgetcsv( ). This prints out the data in an HTML table:

$fp = fopen('sample2.csv','r') or die("can't open file");
print "<table>\n";
while($csv_line = fgetcsv($fp,1024)) {
    print '<tr>';
    for ($i = 0, $j = count($csv_line); $i < $j; $i++) {
        print '<td>'.$csv_line[$i].'</td>';
    }
    print "</tr>\n";
}
print '</table>\n';
fclose($fp) or die("can't close file");

The second argument to fgetcsv( ) must be longer than the maximum length of a line in your CSV file. (Don't forget to count the end-of-line whitespace.) If you read in CSV lines longer than 1K, change the 1024 used in this recipe to something that accommodates your line length.

You can pass fgetcsv( ) an optional third argument, a delimiter to use instead of a comma (,). Using a different delimiter however, somewhat defeats the purpose of CSV as an easy way to exchange tabular data.

Don't be tempted to bypass fgetcsv( ) and just read a line in and explode()on the commas. CSV is more complicated than that, in order to deal with embedded commas and double quotes. Using fgetcsv( ) protects you and your code from subtle errors.


PHP Home | All PHP Tutorials | Latest PHP Tutorials

Sponsored Links

If this tutorial doesn't answer your question, or you have a specific question, just ask an expert here. Post your question to get a direct answer.



Bookmark and Share

Comments(13)


1. View Comment

It's very very useful for me. thank you.

View Tutorial          By: thirumalai at 2009-01-28 03:25:25
2. View Comment

Thanks for this tip -
I'm currently working on a project and have found this tip very handy.

Stay blessed :)


View Tutorial          By: Helen at 2009-06-16 05:28:24
3. View Comment

thank for this script
because i will work in my mca project


View Tutorial          By: r at 2009-06-27 05:07:31
4. View Comment

Many many thanks. It is very very helpful. Again thanks many many....

View Tutorial          By: Mehedi Hasan at 2009-09-15 21:41:51
5. View Comment

i want to know how to read a file inside zipfile.
for eg. i want to read csv from a zipfile with content from
http://www.example.com/data.zip
and it contains file1.csv file2.csv and many other.
what to do if i want to read file1.csv or file2.csv.
please note : i dont have any access to zip other than http://www.example.com/data.zip


View Tutorial          By: iman at 2009-11-26 12:50:21
6. View Comment

This works great.. :)

thanks a lot


View Tutorial          By: Ravi at 2010-07-03 23:34:46
7. View Comment

Really just brilliant...thanks

View Tutorial          By: Ash Singh at 2011-02-21 04:47:20
8. View Comment

great thanks a lottttttttttttttttt

View Tutorial          By: reshma at 2011-06-13 04:35:44
9. View Comment

thank for this

View Tutorial          By: ankit at 2011-07-15 06:48:21
10. View Comment

Thank you very much for this tip.

View Tutorial          By: Lise at 2011-07-15 13:27:23
11. View Comment

i want excel file upload and stored into database and genreat pdf in php

View Tutorial          By: excel file upload and genreat pdf in php at 2011-07-25 08:24:50
12. View Comment

Great!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

View Tutorial          By: Raghbendra Nayak at 2012-03-28 12:54:35
13. View Comment

excellent, thanks a lot..............

View Tutorial          By: yellareddy at 2013-03-12 06:56:12

Your name (required):


Your email(required, will not be shown to the public):


Your sites URL (optional):


Your comments:



More Tutorials by David Sklar
Find Difference between two dates in PHP
Reading .CSV file in PHP
Appending One Array to Another in PHP
Removing Duplicate Elements from an Array in PHP
Sorting an Array in PHP
Iterating Through an Array in PHP
Password protecting a page in PHP
Deleting Cookies in PHP
Reading Cookie Values in PHP
Setting cookies in PHP
Encrypting and decrypting in PHP
GDBM, NDBM, DB2, DB3, DBM, and CDB Databases in PHP
Using Text-File Databases in PHP
Upload and Download files with FTP in PHP
Extract files from a .zip file using PHP

More Tutorials in PHP
PHP code to import from CSV file to MySQL
PHP code to write to a CSV file from MySQL query
PHP code to write to a CSV file for Microsoft Applications
Convert XML to CSV in PHP
Password must include both numeric and alphabetic characters - Magento
PHP file upload (Large Files)
PHP file upload prompts authentication for anonymous users
PHP file upload with IIS on windows XP/2000 etc
Error: Length parameter must be greater than 0
Multiple File Upload in PHP using IFRAME
Resume or Pause File Uploads in PHP
Exception in module wampmanager.exe at 000F15A0 in Windows 8
Handling file locks in PHP
HTML table output using Nested for loops in PHP
Count occurrences of a character in a String in PHP

More Latest News
Most Viewed Articles (in PHP )
isset() function in PHP
Parent: child process exited with status 3221225477 -- Restarting
Decrypting files using GnuPG (GPG) via PHP
public, protected, and private Properties in PHP
A Basic Example using PHP in AWS (Amazon Web Services)
PHP code to write to a CSV file from MySQL query
XMLRPC for PHP - A simple client and server program
Where does the PHP run?
PHP ./configure RESULTING IN __rcp_thread_destroy@GLIBC_2_2_3_... AND UNRESOLVED REFERENCES WITH ORACLE OCI8
Convert XML to CSV in PHP
tmpfile() in PHP
preg_replace() and preg_replace_callback() in PHP
preg_split() and explode() in PHP
Reading .CSV file in PHP
Convert a hex string into a 32-bit IEEE 754 float number in PHP
Most Emailed Articles (in PHP)
preg_split() and explode() in PHP
Traversing Arrays Using foreach in PHP
GDBM, NDBM, DB2, DB3, DBM, and CDB Databases in PHP
Sorting an Array in PHP
fixEncoding in PHP
Assignment operators in PHP
switch Statements in PHP
Renaming and Removing Files in PHP
preg_match(), function preg_match_all(), preg_grep() in PHP
Encrypting and decrypting in PHP
Setting cookies in PHP
Reading .CSV file in PHP
Encrypting files using GnuPG (GPG) via PHP
Where does the PHP run?
Setting up PHP in Windows 2003 Server IIS7, and WinXP 64