By: aathishankaran in JSP Tutorials on 2007-02-14
JSP has a number of advantages over many of its alternatives. Here are a few of them.
Versus Active Server Pages (ASP)
ASP is a competing technology from Microsoft. The advantages of JSP are twofold. First, the dynamic part is written in Java, not VBScript or another ASP-specific language, so it is more powerful and better suited to complex applications that require reusable components. Second, JSP is portable to other operating systems and Web servers; you aren't locked into Windows
NT/2000 and IIS. You could make the same argument when comparing JSP to Cold Fusion; with JSP you can use Java and are not tied to a particular server product.
PHP is a free, open-source HTML-embedded scripting language that is somewhat similar to both ASP and JSP. The advantage of JSP is that the dynamic part is written in Java, which you probably already know
Listing a sample JSP page
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN"> <HTML> <HEAD> <TITLE>Welcome to Our Store</TITLE> </HEAD> <BODY> <H1>Welcome to Our Store</H1> <SMALL>Welcome, <!-- User name is "New User" for first-time visitors --> <%= Utils.getUserNameFromCookie(request) %> To access your account settings, click <A HREF="Account-Settings.html">here.</A> </SMALL> <P> Regular HTML for all the rest of the on-line store's Web page. </BODY> </HTML>
Extensive API for networking, database access, distributed objects, and the like, whereas PHP requires learning an entirely new language.
Versus Pure Servlets
JSP doesnâ€™t provide any capabilities that couldn't in principle be accomplished with a servlet. In fact, JSP documents are automatically translated into servlets behind the scenes. But it is more convenient to write (and to modify!) regular HTML than to have a zillion println statements that generate the HTML. Plus, by separating the presentation from the content, you can put different people on different tasks: your Web page design experts can build the HTML using familiar tools and leave places for your servlet programmers to insert the dynamic content.
Versus Server-Side Includes (SSI)
SSI is a widely supported technology for inserting externally defined pieces into a static Web page. JSP is better because you have a richer set of tools for building that external piece and have more options regarding the stage of the HTTP response at which the piece actually gets inserted. Besides, SSI is really intended only for simple inclusions, not for programs that use form data, make database connections, and the like.
Versus Static HTML
Regular HTML, of course, cannot contain dynamic information, so static HTML pages cannot be based upon user input or server-side data sources. JSP is so easy and convenient that it is quite reasonable to augment HTML pages that only benefit slightly by the insertion of dynamic data. Previously, the difficulty of using dynamic data precluded its use in all but the most valuable instances.
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