Programming Tutorials

Stored Procedures example in SQL

By: Norman Chap in JDBC Tutorials on 2007-10-12  

A stored procedure is a group of SQL statements that can be called by name. In other words, it is executable code, a mini-program, that performs a particular task that can be invoked the same way one can call a function or method. Traditionally, stored procedures have been written in a DBMS-specific programming language. The latest generation of database products allows stored procedures to be written using the Java programming language and the JDBC API. Stored procedures written in the Java programming language are bytecode portable between DBMSs. Once a stored procedure is written, it can be used and reused because a DBMS that supports stored procedures will, as its name implies, store it in the database.

The following code is an example of how to create a very simple stored procedure using the Java programming language. Note that the stored procedure is just a static Java method that contains normal JDBC code. It accepts two input parameters and uses them to change an employee's car number.

Do not worry if you do not understand the example at this point. The code example below is presented only to illustrate what a stored procedure looks like. You can spend more time in reading other tutorials available in this site to understand better.

import java.sql.*;

public class UpdateCar {

    public static void UpdateCarNum(int carNo, int empNo)
                                              throws SQLException {
        Connection con = null;
        PreparedStatement pstmt = null;

        try {
          con = DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc:default:connection");

            pstmt = con.prepareStatement(
                        "UPDATE EMPLOYEES SET CAR_NUMBER = ? " +
                        "WHERE EMPLOYEE_NUMBER = ?");
            pstmt.setInt(1, carNo);
            pstmt.setInt(2, empNo);
        finally {
            if (pstmt != null) pstmt.close();

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