Programming Tutorials

Step by Step Hibernate - Your First Hibernate Application

By: Felix in Hibernate Tutorials on 2023-05-08  

Here are the steps to create a simple Hibernate application:

  1. Create a new Java project in your IDE of choice, and add the Hibernate libraries to your classpath. You can download the latest version of Hibernate from the official website.

  2. Create a new Hibernate configuration file (hibernate.cfg.xml) in the root of your project, and set up the database connection details. For example:

    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
    <!DOCTYPE hibernate-configuration PUBLIC "-//Hibernate/Hibernate Configuration DTD//EN"
        <property name="hibernate.connection.driver_class">com.mysql.jdbc.Driver</property>
        <property name="hibernate.connection.url">jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/mydatabase</property>
        <property name="hibernate.connection.username">root</property>
        <property name="hibernate.connection.password">password</property>
        <property name="hibernate.dialect">org.hibernate.dialect.MySQLDialect</property>
        <property name="">update</property>

    Replace the database connection details with your own.

  3. Create a new Java class to represent a table in your database. This class should have a no-argument constructor and getter and setter methods for each property. For example:
    @Table(name = "users")
    public class User {
        @GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.IDENTITY)
        private Long id;
        @Column(name = "username")
        private String username;
        @Column(name = "email")
        private String email;
        // no-argument constructor
        public User() {}
        // getter and setter methods
        public Long getId() { return id; }
        public void setId(Long id) { = id; }
        public String getUsername() { return username; }
        public void setUsername(String username) { this.username = username; }
        public String getEmail() { return email; }
        public void setEmail(String email) { = email; }
  4. Create a new Hibernate session factory object, using the configuration file you created in step 2. For example:
    Configuration cfg = new Configuration();
    SessionFactory sessionFactory = cfg.buildSessionFactory();
  5. Open a new Hibernate session using the session factory. For example:
    Session session = sessionFactory.openSession();
  6. Create a new transaction using the session. For example:
    Transaction tx = session.beginTransaction();
  7. Create a new instance of the User class you created in step 3, and set its properties. For example:
    User user = new User();
    user.setEmail("[email protected]");
  8. Save the new object to the database using the session. For example:;
  9. Commit the transaction using the session. For example:
  10. Close the session using the session factory. For example:

That's it! You've created a simple Hibernate application that saves a new user object to the database. You can use similar steps to retrieve, update, and delete objects from the database using Hibernate.

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