The JSP you write turns into a
class definition. All the scriptlets you write are placed inside a single
method of this class. In JSP you can also add variables and can use the
variables in the program. You can manipulate the variables value.
can add variable and method declarations to this class. You can then use
these variables and methods from your scriptlets and expressions.
add a declaration, you must use the <%!
sequences to enclose your declarations, as shown below.
page import="java.util.*" %>
Date theDate = new Date();
getDate() method" );
Hello! The time is now <%= getDate() %>
The example has been created a little contrived, to show variable and method declarations.
we are declaring a Date variable theDate,
and the method getDate.
Both of these are available now in our scriptlets and expressions.
this example no longer works! The date will be the same, no matter how
often you reload the page. This is because these are declarations, and
will only be evaluated once when the page is loaded! (Just as if you were
creating a class and had variable initialization declared in it.)
JSP usually will run as multiple threads of one single instance.
Different threads would interfere with variable access, because it will be the
same variable for all of them. If you do have to use variables in JSP, you
should use synchronized access, but that hurts the performance. In
general, any data you need should go either in the session object or the request
object (these are introduced a little later) if passing data between different
JSP pages. Variables you declare inside scriptlets are fine, e.g. <%
int i = 45; %> because these are declared inside the local scope and are not