Although JSF makes it easy for you to connect the view with the
model without writing any code, at times you may need direct access to the request data or
other data of your web application.
JSF provides access to the request data and other data through
the FacesContext object. As the Javadoc states, “FacesContext contains all of the
per-request state information related to the processing of a single JavaServer Faces request, and the
rendering of the corresponding response . . . . A FacesContext instance is associated with a
particular request at the beginning of request processing.” Because a FacesContext instance, and
the objects it contains, are associated with the thread processing a particular request, any references
to the FacesContext instance or its contained objects must not be passed to another
thread or stored for subsequent requests.
You can access the FacesContext object
FacesContext context = FacesContext.getCurrentInstance();
After you have a reference to the FacesContext for the request,
you can access all the request and application data through the ExternalContext object.
The reference to the ExternalContext object is obtained through the call to the
getExternalContext() method. Table below shows the methods of ExternalContext that return
collections of request and application data. You can use these methods to access request
data, session data, request header data, cookie data, and other sets of data in the
Most likely, if you are accessing request or application data in
a managed bean, you will be accessing request data or session data. As you can see in
Table, you access request data through the getRequestParameterMap() or
getRequestParameterValuesMap() method. You can access session data through the getSessionMap() method.